Last week the Massachusetts House of Representatives voted 149-0 to change the long-standing common law concerning non-compete agreements. The bill voted on – HO 4434 – requires employers to pay 50 percent of a former employee’s salary during the non-compete period, or “other mutually-agreed upon consideration between the employer and the employee.” This 50 percent formulation – and the required payment for a non-compete “sit-it-out” period – does not exist in any other state. The bill also prohibits non-compete enforcement against “employees that have been terminated without cause or laid off[.]” The maximum restriction period is 12 months.
While the passage of HO 4434 does not yet make the bill law, the unanimous vote in favor does not augur well for those who would prefer to keep the present law as it currently exists, i.e., common law recognizing the importance of a private contract between private parties. The Senate has yet to act on the formulation set forth in HO 4434, thus no final formulation has landed on the Governor’s desk for review.